Learn basic Woodwork Joints

European woodwork joints

Woodworking joints have been part of cabinetmaking for hundreds of years. The finest furniture uses the right joint for the right application. Here is a list of some joints and their typical applications:

Butt joint – the most simple, but weakest joint.

Mitre joint – a simple 45 degree cut hides the joint and is relatively strong. A pin or scree can be added on the two sides.

Lap joint – similar to the Butt joint with a 50 percent of the one side cut away to provide a clean surface on the one side. Ideal for drawers.

Dowel joint – similar to the Butt joint with wooden dowels to provide support.

Comb Finger joint – interlinking fingers are cut to increase the surface area for glue and increase the strength.

Dovetail joint – interlinking Dovetail fingers are cut to increase the surface area for glue and increase the strength by the joint not being able to pull out.

Skarf joint – A 45 degree angle cut to increase the surface area of the joint for the glue adhesion.

Finger  joint – fine angle cuts are made on both sides of the wood by a special cutter. Very strong because of the large surface area

M  joint – Medium angle cuts are made on both sides of the wood by a special cutter. Quite strong because of the large surface area

Housing  joint – a simple slot is cut to allow for the wood to fit at 90 degrees. Can be suported with pins, screws or dowels.

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